New Hampshire Ratification
  • Colony Founded: 1679
  • Ratified Constitution: June 21, 1788
  • Total Population: 141,255 (1790 est.)
    • Free: 141,097
    • Slave: 158
  • Major Economic Institutions: Agriculture, Lumber
  • State Government: New Hampshire had a bicameral legislature, the General Court, along with an elected President and an established judiciary system. The executive also included a council that could check the President. Voting was open to all adult male Protestant property holders.
  • Ratification Debate: Like Massachusetts, New Hampshire had a large number of poor rural farmers opposed to the Constitution due to fears of empowering the wealthy and taking away their rights, which contrasted with a Federalist print media leaning heavily towards ratification. At the ratification convention in February 1788, a detailed constitutional debate took place as in Massachusetts, and the delegates were nearly evenly split. However, rather than force a vote on the document like other states, the Federalists voted to adjourn the convention until June 1788 so that they could spend the next few months working out deals with undecided delegates. When the convention returned, several of those delegates turned in favor of ratification, and ultimately voted 57-47 to ratify it. Even so, though, twelve amendments were added to the document, following Massachusetts's example.1
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