James Madison

Basic Info

Born: March 16, 1751

Died: June 28, 1836

Home State: Virginia

Political Party: Federalist (later Democratic-Republican)

Brief Biography

James Madison was the fourth President of the United States, serving two terms from 1809-1817. He is often regarded as the "Father of the Constitution" for playing such a key role in writing the first draft of the Constitution. Together with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, Madison produced The Federalist papers, documents promoting ratification of the Constitution. Despite originally only being distributed in New York, these documents were key to gathering support for the Constitution across the thirteen states. As a native of Virginia, Madison played a critical role in the Virginia constitutional debates, and was able to narrowly succeed in securing Virginia's ratification.

As the first leader of the House of Representatives, Madison drafted the first ten amendments, and thus also became known as the "Father of the Bill of Rights." Although he worked closely with Hamilton (the founder of the Federalist Party) to make sure the Constitution passed, Madison later joined forces with Thomas Jefferson to create the Republican PartyHistorians now label this party as the Democratic-Republican Party, and over time it evolved into what is now the Democratic Party..

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